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Hominy


 

main street west vue from 99

Welcome to Hominy

            Hominy was at one time part of the Cherokee Reservation in Indian Territory. However, there were Osage Indians living in this area in the 1800’s.

            In 1872, the government bought land from the Cherokee to move the Osage to Indian Territory. The Osage were moved from Kansas and Missouri to their present location. The reservation went from Ponca City to Bartlesville and from Tulsa to the Kansas border.

            Hominy was one of the three original districts settled by the Osage; Gray Horse (near Fairfax) and Pawhuska (their capital) were the other two districts.

            Little did anyone know that the discovery of oil on the Osage Reservation would make them the richest tribe in the United States.

            Also in 1872, white traders came to the reservation to supply the Native Americans. One of these trading posts, the Hominy Post, became the present day Pioneer Store.

            The railroad played a key part in the growth of Hominy with its arrival in 1903 as the Missouri-Kansas-Texas line.

            In 1906 the reservation land was allotted and the area became Osage County with statehood in 1907.

            Oil played a major part in the development of Hominy with many drilling sites surrounding the area.

            Today, ranching and oil continue to be the main industry located around Hominy.

 

The Drummond Home

The Drummond Home.

By Anita Gomez.

            A tour of this beautiful Victorian home takes you on a walk back in time. As you walk through you will see original items from the early 1900’s that they used in their everyday lives. Their home and possessions were given to the state by the Drummond family,  in 1980. It has been restored to how it looked in 1917. The original colors of light and dark green have been used. This building has been placed on the National Registry of the Historical Buildings. It was built in 1905 by Fred Drummond,  who was a partner in the Hominy Trading Company.

            Fred was able to finance the trading company because of the frugality of his wife. The Osage Indians camped in the park east of Addie’s home in Pawhuska. Addie would sell them eggs, chickens, and fresh vegetables from the garden. With this money she was able to run the household and thus “sock away” Fred’s wages of $25.00 a month. Fred had the opportunity to buy a trading company and move it to Hominy, but was perplexed about the financing of $1,000.00. Addie then brought out her “sock” containing $1,000.00 which she had saved during last five years. They move to Hominy and eventually built their beautiful home which they furnished from Scotland.

            The house was a busy place because Fred was Hominy’s first mayor. He, his wife addie, daughter Blanche, sons Cecil, Genter, and Alfred lived there. When the preachers came to Hominy, they always stayed at Fred and Addie’s home because Addie was an excellent cook. Also, during the depression she never turned away a man in need of a meal. It is said that the hobos had her name and directions to the house written on the side of the water tank.

            Today the home is owned by the state of Oklahoma and is a museum.

 

The Marland Oil Station

The Marland Oil Station.

By Jason Volkman.

            The Marland Oil station in hominy is one of the last remaining Marland Oil buildings. The Marland Oil Station was built in a triangular shape to represent the company’s trademark. Today the company is CONOCO. The gas pump out in front of the building is one of the first pumps ever put in gas stations. The desk and oil cans inside the Marland Station downtown Hominy are all original and were used at that station when it was open. On the wall next to the station are road service signs.

            The founder and president of Marland oil stations was E. W. Marland of Ponca City. Through the years of his life, he searched for oil all over Oklahoma. Marland, and his business grew throughout the years and he eventually had Marland Oil stations all over Oklahoma.

            Back inn1988, Guy and Dorothy Miller gave the building to the Hominy Heritage Association. The building is under restoration by the Hominy Heritage Association. The association received some unexpected help, when  Conoco contacted the association about using the building in one of their films. They cleaned and restored much of the station to its original splendor. This building has been placed on the National Registry of Historical Buildings.

 
 

The Depot

The Katy Railroad and Depot

By Shauna Deal.

            The Katy railroad began laying tracks in 1869. There was a lot of competition to be the first railroad to build in Indian Territory. The Cherokee Nation had signed a treaty that only one railroad would be built through their territory. The Katy won the bid on a June morning in 1870. After that it went through Missouri and then south through the Cherokee Nation. Later, officials with the railroad decided to expand business by extending the Coffeyville branch line down through the Osage Nation to Guthrie and Oklahoma City. The railroad survey crew reached Hominy on September 17, 1903.

            According to Arthur Shoemaker, when the crew reached the north bank of Big Hominy Creek, it sent word that after a preliminary sighting it looked as if the tracks would miss Hominy Post two miles to the east. The citizens of Hominy knew they would be ruined by the loss of the railroad. The survey crew was staying at the Blue Front Hotel and the citizens decided to throw a party for them. There was whiskey, sardines, and salmon. They talked with the boss of the crew and showed him how he could bring the tracks closer to the town by curving the tracks to the southwest. The crew followed the suggestions and the townspeople only had to move a few blocks uptown.

            The Katy Depot was built in 1904 and accepted the first passenger train filled with Oklahoma City residents on their way to the World’s Fair in St Louis. The railroad was running well through Hominy and was bringing a lot of business.

            Finally in 1977, the MKT Railroad was discontinued through Hominy. The Katy Depot was shut down. Years later the depot was refurnished and housed the Hominy Historical Society and a restaurant known as Silver Dollar cafĂ© Now the depot houses the Chamber of Commerce.                         

 
 

The 1904 School House

The 1904 School House.

By Tony Deal.

            The 1904 School House was a subscription school and citizens paid good money to send their kids there. It was the first non-Indian school in Osage Indian Territory. The construction started in 1903 by Mr. Wilson and Mr.Trulock. They built it using sandstone and the building was split into two rooms using a sliding door between the rooms.

            But the funds for the construction ran out so they knew they need support from local business. They had box suppers, pie supper, and other entertainment besides donations of cash and labor. In addition, Ford raffled off a buggy. The two people who won it donated the buggy back to the ruffle but finally, the third time, they had just enough money to finish up what was started.

            The school was finally completed in 1904. Above the door it says “Hominy School 1904” with the last number appearing backwards.

            There was still no one to teach at the new school so the mayor around and found a man by the name of G. K. Sutherland from Virginia and he was hired as one of the first teachers. Miss Van Pelt was the other teacher.

            The first school board members were Dr. Ira Mullins, Bert Westbrook and Prentiss Price. The building was used as a school until the 1920’s and after G. K. Sutherland died the school was named after him.

            Today, the Old School House is in the National Registry and is now Hominy Public School District’s Administration building.

 
 

The community Center

The old high school/ middle school.

By Joanna Hartman.

            In the year 1924, the new high school was built three stories high with basement. The style is modified Gothic architecture. The outside is made of brick with Bedford stone trimming. It is semi-fireproof construction with maple floors in the gym and classrooms and concrete floor in the other rooms in the building. The trimmings are of oak and metal with steel stairs and steel window casings and frames. In 1924 the first board of education were Dr. Ira Mullins, President; G. K. Sutherland, Vice President; A. B. Patterson, Clerk; Percy Dixon, Treasurer; Lender Hall and D. D. McAngus.

            The year the school started they didn’t have as many students as they do now. The citizens of Hominy voted a seventy thousand dollar bond issue to build it.

            The money was used to make a school big enough for the next few years. The next few years lasted until 1971. The high school then became the middle school because they built a new high school. In May 1999, the middle school graduated it’s final eight grade class and the building is now being used as the new community center. The new community center holds school plays, band concerts, ballet classes and other community events.

 
 

Hominy Lake

The City Lake.

By Deborah Hogan.

            Hominy lake built in September 1957. A dam was built across Penn Creek to create a water supply for the city of Hominy. After the lake was finished, a “name the lake” contest was held. Mrs. L. U. Pope and Mrs. Charley Cox were the winners of the contest and they both received ten dollars in cash as their prize.

            Bill Dixon was the chairman of the planning board who conducted a meeting with the council to establish rules of  lake use concerning water sports, fishing, boating, and picnics.

            Today, the lake is used by the community; for those same activities and many community celebrations. Now there is a picnic shelter and a handicapped fishing-dock. In addition there are two baseball fields located at the lake.   

 
 

Snyder's Soda Shoppe

The Soda Shoppe.

By Hollis Anson.

 

            The Bank of Hominy was organized in 1902 and in 1905 the bank was sold and reformed as the First National Bank of Hominy. In 1906, The Bank of Commerce was formed, which later became Farmer’s National Bank.

            The First National Bank building is one of the oldest in Hominy and was located in what we know as the Snider’s Soda Shoppe next door to the present Rexall Drug. There was a door between the drug store and the bank, and behind the bank was a funeral home with caskets. Later, in the back, there was a music store run by Mr. East who now lives in Tulsa. After the bank move to new quarters, the building became Frazier’s Auto Parts Company, owned by Clyde Frazier. Now the building houses a soda shop owned by John and Cinda Snider. This building has been placed on the National Register of Historical Buildings.

            According to the News Progress, the early officers in the various banks include, F.F. Sparrow, G.B. Pray, Howard m> Maher, W.C. Wood, Prentiss Price, J.E. Martin, Daniel B. Maher, Fred Drummond, V.F. Sellers, J.C. Houston, E.M. Erichkten, R.G. Walker, John L. Freeman, L.D. Edington, E.C. Mullendore, Carl Mullendore, G.L. Edington, J.C. Lockhart and S.A. Bryant Jr. Today, Only the First National Bank of Hominy remains.   

 
 

The Pioneer Store

The Pioneer Store.

By Laura Dickerson.

The Pioneer Store started out as a trading partnership between Fred Drummond, Percy Dixon, George Tredway, and Prentiss  Price. The Hominy Post was the first mercantile in the area and served the Osage Indians. It was located in the old Indian Camp by Penn Creek north of the present day Marvin’s Grocery Store.

When the railroad came through Hominy in 1903, Drummond saw many possibilities for growth. He had been saving for many years to start his own business and with Dixon, Tredway and Price they formed the Hominy Trading Company. In 1905, the building was moved closer to the railroad tracks which later was known as Main Street. Their slogan was “The Hominy Trading Company sells everything” which was pretty much true for they sold shoes, guns, wagons, groceries, hardware, baby carriage, stoves, clothing, pots and pans, dishes, and dry goods. There was also a funeral home upstairs. Back then furniture was delivered to the store in wooden crates. They would then take the wood from the crates and make coffins. Joseph Powell was the first employee, hired as an undertaker, and later he started his own funeral home which is still in business today as the Powell Funeral Home.

After statehood in 1907, Osage County attracted non-indian settlers. Soon after, the oil fields opened up and boomed and the Hominy Trading Co. was the leader in supplying the needs of many new people entering Osage County.

In 1928, the closest competitors Matthew-Wilson Company, consolidated with the Hominy Trading Company to form the Pioneer Store. It is still a family owned business. Bill, P. Dixon’s son was chairman of the board until 1990 and the current manager is the great-grand son of Fred Drummond.  

 
 

New Territory Sculpture

The New Territory Sculpture and Murals.

By Lauren Wilcoxson.

            The “New Territory” sculpture consisting of 18-20 foot metal sculptures sits on top of Sandpipe Hill in west Hominy, and is one of the many artworks created by local businessman Cha’ Tullis. Traveling down the streets of Hominy you may see some of Cha’s colorful works of art decorating the walls of old business in town. Each painting symbolize his interpretation of various Native American themes. 

 
 

OAY

Oklahoma Auction Yard.

By Brandon Lasley.

            Back in the early 1900s, the cowboys didn’t have the Oklahoma Auction Yard. They had to ship cattle by train or horseback until 1920. They sold the cattle or any other livestock by the Pioneer Store until 1930 when the O.A.Y. was built.

            In the 1930’s, people started to bring their livestock down to the O.A.Y. In Feb. 1947, the sale barn was bought by: Homer Savage, Emett Marcum, Howard Marlow and Ray Mullendore. They put their knowledge together to make the O.A.Y the largest livestock sale in Oklahoma.

            In 1950s, a man named Woodie Linville and his family lived in the caretaker’s house and took care of the cattle and the pens. In the 1980s, Larry Higgins bought the O.A.Y. He sold it in 2000 to Doug Mayfield.

            The building, now, houses church services.  

 

 

 
 

Indian Round House

Round Houses.

By Julie Maker and Matt Dailey.

            Round Houses still standing today, are primarily used by family members in relation to the Native American Church or Peyote Church. The houses are built in a round shape so there are no corners for evil spirits to hide in.

            There are many stereotypes connected to the Native American Church but the church is a place where everyone comes together to pray. “The old ones” believe that when you pray and smoke peyote, the smoke carries your prayers up to the creator.

            The oldest round house was built in the early 1900’s and was used for dances, for village activities and gatherings, and for ceremonies of the Native American Church. 

 
 

Original Hospital

Hominy’s Original Hospital.

By Jessica Jake.

            Dr. Ira Mullins came to Hominy from Virginia March 2,1876. He soon became one of the best horse and buggy doctors in the state. Jettie Souter was thrown from her horse near the Arkansas River and Dr. Mullins was called to care for her. They felt in love and got married on October 24, 1906. The couple was married for 56 years and during that time Jettie helped her husband care for the sick and injured.

            The closest hospital was in Oklahoma City so their house was usually full of ill people. Most of the time they would load up and drive country road to perform operations under really bad conditions and usually all the light they had was from a lamp.

            In 1906, Dr. Mullins recruited the same men who built the Horace Mann Elementary to build a new hospital. He watched and attentively looked over each and every piece of lumber and nail used to construct the hospital. On the second floor in the northeast corner there is a small rounded room, which was the operating room.

            In 1920 when Hominy’s second hospital was built, Dr. Mullins made the original hospital his home. Following his and his wife’s death the house was sold to the Baptist church which used it for a parsonage. Now the house belongs to Richard and Dorothy Hartman.                   

 
 

Burials in Osage County.

            In earlier years, the Osage Hills were used for traditional Indian burials. The body could be buried below or above ground in a sitting position facing east. Rocks and stones were then placed around the body. Being buried on a hill allowed one to be able to greet the sun each morning. Some traditional burials are observed even today on the hills by certain families though most have gone to the more modern  burial in local cemeteries. Sacred bundles, food, clothing, and other personal items are place with the deceased. It is important to complete the burial ceremony by noon so that the person is able to begin his new journey.

            There are many graves and cemeteries located throughout Osage County but graves on the hills are often not known because family members failed to have these sites recorded. Also, because of time and desecration many graves disappeared forever.

            The old Hominy cemetery is located on reservation land southeast of Hominy off highway 99. This cemetery is no longer used for burials. Many of the stones have death dates around the same year in the early 1900’s and one story says that an influenza epidemic swept throughout Hominy during this time. Many people were even afraid to leave the safety of their home for fear of exposure.

            The new Hominy cemetery is now located north of town on highway 99. Many of the older headstones in this cemetery have porcelain portrait of the deceased affixed to the monument.   

 
 

Hominy’s Brick Streets.

By Jerry Hoehne.

            Today Hominy has pretty nice roads, however the streets haven’t always been so great. In fact, in the early 1900’s Edna Hously said, “Much has been said about how muddy Main Street was. I laughed when I recall that Bill Riber placed a sign over a deep mud hole which read, ‘No Fishing’.”

            Back in the late 1800’s, Hominy wasn’t really as large a town as it is today and the roads were in worse condition. The roads were dirt and when it rained, the roads would get all muddy and soft. Then the people would drive their buggies through it and get stuck. It would make big ruts that would soon dry out. Kate Young said, “There was no pavement, no gravel in Hominy. I told my husband I did not want to unload in this muddy town, that I was going back to Pawhuska. There were pigs and chickens on Main Street.”

            People walking also had hard time getting around. Opal White said “I do not like to tell this, I was so embarrassed. The mud was terrible. We arrived on the train at 3:30 a.m. November 29, 1908. We walked from the depot to my uncle’s home on North Pettit. There were no sidewalks. When I reached the corner of Main Street and Price I stepped in water up to my knees and fell down trying to get out of the hole.”

            A few years later they started to put sidewalks in, but the roads were still just as bad. Newton Hayes said “Hominy had broad sidewalks and muddy streets as late as 1918. I helped make cement sidewalks.”

            Business was starting to expand and more and more people were starting settle in the little town of Hominy. The demand for better roads was a high priority. About 1919 Earl Busley, Sr., laid brick pavement for the business district. The bricks were transported to Hominy from a factory in Coffeyville, Kansas.

            According to Mrs. George Treadway, paving was started June 11, 1919 with paving on Price Avenue from 3rd to 9th  ; Regan from Pine to 4th, Third street from Regan to She-She, Wood Avenue from Elm to 6th; Pettit from Main to 3rd; and Fourth from Freeman to Regan.

            Hominy currently has only a few blocks of brick streets left. They  are old but are still standing strong. 

 
 

Friends Church

The Hominy Friends Church.

By Amelia Jake.

            The Hominy Friends Church Members are basically made up of Osage Indians who attended the Quaker Church for many years, The church was originally built as the Presbyterian Church and it was located at 205 N. Price, where the current Presbyterian Church sits. In the year of 1922, the members of the Presbyterian church came to the conclusion that in order for all members of the Presbyterian Church to attend they would have to build a larger building. While preparing the new building, the members of the church asked permission from the city to move the small church into the street so they could still use the building for Sunday School and other activities while preparing the new building. The city okayed that and the Presbyterians used the old building while it sat in the road for church services and prayer worship until their new building was finished a year and half later. After the new church was completed, the old church was moved to its current address and used as the Friends Meeting House.

            The Friends Church holds services every Sunday morning at 11:00-12:00 and Sunday School starts at 10:00. They have prayer meetings every Wednesday at 7:00 p.m. The pastor has been David Nagel for several years. Anyone is invited to come to worship services.